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1833 Factory Act
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In 1833 the Government passed a Factory Act to improve conditions for children working in factories. However, the passing of this act did not mean that the mistreatment of children stopped overnight. Using these sources, investigate how far the act had solved the problems of child labour.

Subject:
History
Material Type:
Lesson
Lesson Plan
Primary Source
Provider:
The National Archives (UK)
Provider Set:
Empire and Industry 1750-1850
Author:
The National Archives Education Service (UK)
Date Added:
03/09/2014
1834 Poor Law
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What did people think of the new Poor Law? In 1834 a new Poor Law was introduced. The new Poor Law ensured that the poor were housed in workhouses, clothed and fed. However, not all Victorians shared this point of view. Some people spoke out against the new Poor Law, calling the workhouses ‘Prisons for the Poor’. The poor themselves hated and feared the threat of the workhouse so much that there were riots in northern towns.

Subject:
History
Material Type:
Lesson
Lesson Plan
Primary Source
Provider:
The National Archives (UK)
Provider Set:
Empire and Industry 1750-1850
Author:
The National Archives Education Service (UK)
Date Added:
03/09/2014
1919 Race Riots
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The 1919 race riots were the first time many people became aware of the presence of black and minority ethnic people living in Britain, including those who had lived and worked here for many years and served in the war. At the end of the First World War, the demobilisation of troops caused severe post-war competition for jobs. The perception that foreigners were ‘stealing’ jobs was one of the triggers for the rioting and attacks on black and minority ethnic communities in British port cities. Use this lesson to find out more about the 1919 race riots in Cardiff and Liverpool. How significant a factor was race in these riots?

Subject:
History
Material Type:
Lesson
Lesson Plan
Primary Source
Provider:
The National Archives (UK)
Provider Set:
Interwar 1918-1939
Author:
The National Archives Education Service (UK)
Date Added:
05/27/2021
19th Century Mining Disaster
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For three days between 19 and 21 February 1882, the people of Trimdon Grange and Kelloe buried 74 people. What caused so many people to die? You are a reporter for The Trimdon Herald. You have to write an accurate story about these deaths for your newspaper. You must study the evidence carefully, putting all the pieces together like a jigsaw. When you have finished looking at the evidence you can write the story.

Subject:
History
Material Type:
Lesson
Lesson Plan
Primary Source
Provider:
The National Archives (UK)
Provider Set:
Victorians 1850-1901
Author:
The National Archives Education Service (UK)
Date Added:
03/09/2014
19th Century People
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Old photographs have an immediate visual impact, and natural curiosity leads everyone to think ‘Who were these people? What were they called?’ This exercise aims to give pupils the opportunity to use two historical sources to answer these basic questions.

Subject:
History
Material Type:
Lesson
Lesson Plan
Primary Source
Provider:
The National Archives (UK)
Provider Set:
Victorians 1850-1901
Author:
The National Archives Education Service (UK)
Date Added:
03/09/2014
19th Century Prison Ships
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The aim of this lesson is to get students to engage with original documents relating to prison hulks. By interpreting these documents they can discover how the criminal justice system actually worked in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, especially with respect to ‘mercy’. They will also form an appreciation of the conditions on board prison hulks and dispel the myth that women were not detained on hulks.

Subject:
History
Material Type:
Primary Source
Student Guide
Provider:
The National Archives (UK)
Provider Set:
Empire and Industry 1750-1850
Author:
The National Archives Education Service (UK)
Date Added:
03/11/2014
Abolition of Slavery
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The British were actively involved in the transatlantic slave trade. Forms of slavery were practised in British settlements and colonies, particularly in the Caribbean and North America, for around 200 years. Learn about Britain and the transatlantic slave trade using records held by The National Archives.

Subject:
History
Material Type:
Primary Source
Student Guide
Provider:
The National Archives (UK)
Provider Set:
Empire and Industry 1750-1850
Author:
The National Archives Education Service (UK)
Date Added:
04/03/2014
Adolf Hitler
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Hitler is perhaps one of the most notorious characters of the 20th century. We know what atrocities were committed during the 12 years that Hitler led Nazi Germany and therefore we have very firm opinions about him. Using hindsight (looking back with the knowledge of what has happened) we often ask why he was not stopped earlier. However, at the time, people could not predict what he would go on to do. Or could they? By looking at sources from the time, we can see how people viewed him. Was he regarded as a ‘passionate lunatic’ who would wreak havoc all over Europe? Or a slightly odd eccentric who was rebuilding Germany?

Subject:
History
Material Type:
Lesson
Lesson Plan
Primary Source
Provider:
The National Archives (UK)
Provider Set:
Second World War 1939-1945
Author:
The National Archives Education Service (UK)
Date Added:
03/09/2014
African Nurses
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Despite their long history of work within health services in Britain, the role of African women is rarely highlighted in discussions of the history of the NHS or of health work more generally. Current narratives on Black women in the British health service tend to focus on the ‘Windrush generation’ and Caribbean contributions. Use this lesson to find original documents which explore the role of African nurses in the health services of Britain.

Subject:
History
Material Type:
Lesson
Lesson Plan
Primary Source
Provider:
The National Archives (UK)
Provider Set:
Postwar 1945-present
Author:
The National Archives Education Service (UK)
Date Added:
11/03/2021
All on Board!
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Many board games, not on sale today, were devised in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and some of their designs are held at The National Archives. The board games used in this lesson are very interesting as historical sources as they can reveal something about the society that made them. How did people in the past like to have fun? Were their games very different from ours?

Subject:
History
Material Type:
Lesson
Lesson Plan
Primary Source
Provider:
The National Archives (UK)
Provider Set:
Early 20th Century 1901-1918
Author:
The National Archives Education Service (UK)
Date Added:
11/09/2020
Anglo-saxons – Gift from a King
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What was Anglo-Saxon society like? King Edgar came to the throne of Wessex at the age of sixteen in 959 after his elder brother, Eadwig, died. Despite ruling so long ago, Edgar’s reign is still visible in our lives today. It was during Edgar’s rule that England was divided into shires and hundreds for local governance. His coronation is the earliest to be described in detail and has formed the template for all coronations of English Royalty to this day.

Subject:
History
Material Type:
Lesson
Lesson Plan
Primary Source
Provider:
The National Archives (UK)
Provider Set:
Medieval 974-1485
Author:
The National Archives Education Service (UK)
Date Added:
11/06/2018
Armistice and Legacy
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‘Armistice and Legacy’ is a graphic arts project illustrated by nine students who spent a week at The National Archives, illustrating their interpretations of First World War records and the research undertaken by The National Archives staff during the centenary of the war. The tales are told through the eyes of those who served in the war, showing the diverse experiences at the front and at home.

Subject:
History
Material Type:
Student Guide
Provider:
The National Archives (UK)
Provider Set:
Early 20th Century 1901-1918
Author:
The National Archives Education Service (UK)
Date Added:
11/01/2018
Atlas of Illustrated Feelings
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How are you feeling today? Create your own atlas of illustrated feelings using paper and pens or whatever art materials you would like. This episode of Time Travel Craft Club is brought to you by Merlin, a medical illustrator, who has delved into the archive to bring you some unexpected documents.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
History
Visual Arts
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
The National Archives (UK)
Author:
The National Archives Education Service (UK)
Date Added:
10/27/2020
Attlee’s Britain 1945-1951
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The purpose of this document collection is to allow students and teachers to develop their own questions and lines of historical enquiry on Attlee’s Britain, 1945-1951. The documents themselves are arranged according to theme, so that sources are grouped together rather than following a strict chronological order. Students could work with a group of sources or source type on a certain theme or linked themes.

Subject:
History
Material Type:
Primary Source
Student Guide
Provider:
The National Archives (UK)
Provider Set:
Postwar 1945-present
Author:
The National Archives Education Service (UK)
Date Added:
02/27/2014
Belsen Concentration Camp 1945
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The Belsen concentration camp was set up in Nazi Germany in 1943. It was never used as a death-camp, but was still a place of unbelievable horrors and brutality. The outside world knew of the camps even before the war, but took little notice of reports of what they were like. Thus when Allied soldiers began to advance into Germany at the end of the war and discovered the camps, they were deeply shocked by the conditions. These documents record what the British soldiers found, and how they responded.

Subject:
History
Material Type:
Lesson
Lesson Plan
Primary Source
Provider:
The National Archives (UK)
Provider Set:
Second World War 1939-1945
Author:
The National Archives Education Service (UK)
Date Added:
03/09/2014
Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic Histories
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This resource contains a hyperlinked list of National Archives current resources for Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic histories on The National Archives website. It includes education resources, exhibitions, research guides, blog posts and podcasts by staff and external writers and links to external websites. The intention for this resource is to make it easier for teachers to find resources for teaching a diverse curriculum.

Subject:
History
Material Type:
Primary Source
Student Guide
Provider:
The National Archives (UK)
Author:
The National Archives Education Service (UK)
Date Added:
08/13/2020
Black Presence
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People of African and Asian origin have lived in Britain for at least two thousand years. But this aspect of our heritage has been largely forgotten. By presenting a selection of relevant records held by The National Archives and other sources, the Black Presence exhibition aims to reclaim some of this history and make it more widely known.

Subject:
History
Material Type:
Primary Source
Student Guide
Provider:
The National Archives (UK)
Provider Set:
Empire and Industry 1750-1850
Author:
The National Archives Education Service (UK)
Date Added:
03/25/2014
Body Snatchers
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The early 19th Century saw many advances in science and medicine, in a time where scientific and religious ideas often clashed over what was morally correct. These ideas are explored in nineteenth century literature such as the novel Frankenstein, but the stories in the real world were often as shocking and brutal as the Gothic fantasy. This lesson explores the business of the grave robber and how they furthered the study of medicine through a grey area of the law.

Subject:
History
Material Type:
Lesson
Lesson Plan
Primary Source
Provider:
The National Archives (UK)
Provider Set:
Empire and Industry 1750-1850
Author:
The National Archives Education Service (UK)
Date Added:
07/10/2018
Bound for Britain
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Learn about experiences of immigration to the UK. Between 1948 and 1970 nearly half a million people left their homes in the West Indies to live in Britain. These people changed the face of modern Britain. They were all British citizens and, although they had never lived in Britain before, they had the right to enter, work and settle here if they wanted to.

Subject:
History
Material Type:
Lesson
Lesson Plan
Primary Source
Provider:
The National Archives (UK)
Provider Set:
Postwar 1945-present
Author:
The National Archives Education Service (UK)
Date Added:
03/09/2014
The Boxers of Whitechapel
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Whitechapel in the late 1800s was an area of overpopulation, industry and crime. With such wide systemic issues it can be easy to lose sight of the experiences of the individuals who lived in the area. This lesson explores the historic environment through the interconnected lives of four individuals who lived in the area during the 1880s. What can the stories of two West Indian boxers, the daughter of an Irish carpet maker and a child born in Whitechapel itself reveal about the challenges and benefits of living around Commercial Street in the Victorian era?

Subject:
History
Material Type:
Lesson
Lesson Plan
Primary Source
Provider:
The National Archives (UK)
Provider Set:
Victorians 1850-1901
Author:
The National Archives Education Service (UK)
Date Added:
08/31/2021